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The Question of Identity: Ethnicity, Language, Religion, and Gender

Before Islam:  Mesopotamia

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Kudurru of King Melishipak II

Kudurru of King Melishipak II

This is an example of a kudurru (kudurrus are small stelae recording royal gifts of land). This particular kudurru records a grant of land from King Melishipak II to his son, Marduk-apal-iddina. Kudurrus were an innovation of the Kassite period, and King Melishipak was a Kassite. One side of the kudurru shows the King presenting his son to the goddess Nanaya beneath the symbols of the astral deities, Shamash (sun-god), Sin (moon-god), and Inana (goddess of love and war, but also representing Venus). On the other side of the kudurru the major gods are depicted in symbol form in hierarchical registers. It is interesting to note that the Kassite deities, Shuqamuna and Shumalia, are included among the major deities.

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