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The Question of Identity: Ethnicity, Language, Religion, and Gender

Before Islam:  Mesopotamia

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The Enheduana Disk

The Enheduana Disk

This is a disk depicting the daughter of Sargon on Akkad, Enheduana, performing a libation ritual next to a priest and two priestesses that stand behind her. Enheduana was installed by her father Sargon as the high priestess of the moon god Nanna in the city of Ur in Southern Mesopotamia. As a priestess, she enjoyed elite status. She is the earliest named author known to us today. She composed numerous hymns and poems to various deities, especially to Inana, the Sumerian goddess of love and warfare.

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