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Rulership and Justice

Islamic Period

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Muhammad on Minbar (pulpit) Addressing the Ummah in Medina

Muhammad on Minbar (pulpit) Addressing the Ummah in Medina

In the late sixteenth-century, the Ottoman Sultan Murad III (r. 1574-1595) commissioned the illustration of the Siyer-i Nebi, a Turkish epic about the life of the Prophet Muhammad. The illustrated version was completed in 1595 and contains 814 miniatures like the one shown here. This image shows the Prophet Muhammad in the time of the utopian Medinan ummah standing atop a minbar (pulpit) and delivering a sermon to a congregation of Muslims. It emphasizes the sacral nature of Muhammad’s authority, his successful establishment of the ummah in Medina, and his transformation of the formerly pagan society of the Hijāz into a Godly community of believers.

Next Button Off Mourning the Prophet Muhammad’s Death, 632 CE.

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