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Empires to Nation States

Islamic Period

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Early Jewish Settlers in Palestine

Early Jewish Settlers in Palestine

This image shows early Jewish settlers (Biluim) in Palestine in the 1880s. While large-scale settlement of Jews in the area then known as Palestine didn’t really occur until the twentieth century, there were small groups of Jewish settlers in the late nineteenth century who, inspired by the emergence of political Zionism and the overtly hostile and anti-Semitic conditions of their countries of residence (particularly the pogroms of Russia), banded together to settle in Ottoman Palestine. These settlements were often not very successful, as they frequently lacked both sufficient funding and the practical skills necessary to live off the land. However, they are historically significant for the precedent they set, and they hold a prominent place in Israeli history as the first aliyah, or wave, of Zionist settlement in the region.

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