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Empires to Nation-States

Before Islam

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Persepolis Bull

Persepolis Bull

This massive bull’s head once guarded the “hundred-columned” Throne Hall of the Persian king Xerxes at Persepolis. Horns and ears would originally have been attached as separate pieces.

Although the bull is carved in the Persian court style, the use of guardian figures, the symbolic importance of bulls, and even the curls of hair on the bull’s forehead are all borrowed from the earlier Assyrian empire.

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