Section Banner Images

The Origins of Civilization

print icon Print Page

Image Resource Bank

Image Gallery | Back Button Off 14 of 15 Next Button On

Jericho (Tell Es-Sultan)

Jericho (Tell Es-Sultan)

The archaeological site of Tell es-Sultan is better known to most people as the biblical city of Jericho. This important site is one of the world’s oldest settlements, and was inhabited as early as the Natufian period, when round pit houses were cut into the bedrock. Later, during the PPNA period (8000 BCE), the inhabitants of this village built a large stone fortification wall and a tall stone tower for protection from enemies or possibly to hold back flood waters from nearby valleys. Whatever the reason for constructing these massive stone-works, they are evidence that the villagers of this Neolithic settlement had worked together as a group, either for reward or through coercion.

Next Button Off Map of Neolithic Sites

Foundations » The Origins of Civilization  » Image Resource Bank

© 2010 The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago  |  Page updated: 12/29/2010

Contact Information  |  Rights & Permissions