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The “Golden Age” of Islam

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Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock

This distinctive, monument with its golden dome is the Dome of the Rock, which was built in Jerusalem by the Umayyad caliph ‘Abd al-Malik from 685 to 691 CE. It was probably meant to express the Muslims’ growing self-confidence and Islam’s competitiveness to local buildings of other religions as well as to Byzantium. Next to it sits the al-Aqsa mosque, built only shortly after the Dome on the spot believed to be the starting point of the Prophet Muhammad’s nocturnal journey to heaven (mi’raj).

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